Keeping your mums alive from year to year all starts with selecting the right mums at the time of purchase. Dispose of all portions of the mum you trim off away from the remaining mum plant and other desirable vegetation to prevent the spread of disease. For these mums, do not cut back the foliage until spring, as it will help provide protection for the first winter. Once subjected to even the slightest of frost, they quickly succumb. The potted mums you buy in the fall dry out quickly since they are usually top heavy with bloom and have a relatively small amount of roots. Not Preparing Your Mums for Winter. Talk about a serious savings to the pocketbook! But if you dug them up to pot them, you will once again need to overwinter indoors until next spring. One side note about fall mums. (See: How To Care For Mums In The Summer). Now on to saving those mums! Floral mums also usually tend to have smaller blooms. Occasional supplemental irrigation... 3. Bury the Pots. Caring for Mums. Keeping the soil moist will help plants stay healthy until you are ready to plant them. Take care not to overwater your mums as soggy soil can prevent them from flowering and cause root rot. Water mums daily while they're blooming. When the blooms of mums become saturated with water, it weakens and fades them quickly. Snip through the stem 3 to 5 inches below the old flower so the bare stem isn't visible. Once mums bloom, deadheading can generate more blooms. Mums do especially well if planted in soil that has compost added. Most potted mums are sold as "florist mums," according to the Missouri Botanical Garden. As mentioned above, removing wilted blooms and dead stems or leaves helps your mums bloom for an extended time. This article may contain affiliate links. After this, when wintering mums, it is best to provide a heavy layer of mulch over the plant after the ground has frozen. Mums prefer rich, fertile and well draining soil, so adding compost when planting is a big key to success. This will keep the mums foliage tight and close, and allow the timing of the blooms for fall and not late summer. If you see this, you know they are good for saving. To do their best, chrysanthemums should be planted in well-drained beds that receive at least six hours of sun daily. Mums are photoperiodic plants that require long dark nights to bloom. Toss Them Out. Even with heavy mulching. Chrysanthemums do not normally bloom twice. Otherwise, leave a mulch layer no more than a few inches thick around the mums and leave about a 6-inch mulch-free zone around the base of each plant. If the mum was bothered by fungi or pests at all during the growing season you should cut the plant back immediately after flowering to avoid overwintering any pathogens on the plant. Did you know that with just a little bit of care, you can save your hardy potted and container mums to grow again next year? © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Occasional supplemental irrigation following blooming is generally only necessary if the plants are grown in an area protected from rainfall or during periods of extended dry weather, so that the soil around the mums does not dry out completely. Stop pinching the stems back after buds form, so as not to interfere with blooming. Be sure to keep plants well watered for the first few weeks to help establish them in the soil. Chrysanthemums, commonly called by the nickname “mums,” are a popular fall flower that begins blooming in late summer or early autumn and can last until the frost hits. Old World Garden Farms At The Peak Of Autumn Color. Next, for best success, store in a cool corner of the basement or a semi-heated garage. No matter if they were in pots, hanging baskets – or even planted in the ground. Whether grouped with cornstalks and pumpkins, or simply left on their own, they bring autumn to life. Mums have moderate maintenance requirements and benefit from some amount of care throughout much of the year, including after they finish blooming. If you wish to divide the mums to create multiple new plants or rejuvenate an old mum by removing and discarding the plant's center, dig up and divide the plant in late winter or early spring just as new growth emerges. Mums love … You may opt to leave the stems intact until spring growth develops if you find the dead stems of winter interest or valuable to wildlife. Mums will generally lose their top growth after a hard frost and go dormant for the winter. Chrysanthemums are short-day plants. A Few More Tips For Keeping Potted Mums Looking Great. This allows for plenty of nutrients for the season. If it's fall and your mums are not flowering, it's possible that they were forced into blooming earlier in the year, so they didn't develop enough new buds after the first flowering. Angela Ryczkowski is a professional writer who has served as a greenhouse manager and certified wildland firefighter. — … Do not resume fertilizing and regular irrigation until spring when new growth emerges. How to Care for Mums After Blooming 1. Plant in spring and divide every two years. They simply don’t have time to establish in the soil for protection. The easiest method is to simply plant your mums into the landscape. Usually, mums bloom in fall. Before bringing indoors, cut the mum back a few inches above the potted soil line. After the mums start to flower, cut off the dead blooms as soon as they begin to wilt. As soon as the flowers finish blooming, cut off or detach individual flowers to a larger stem for a neater appearance. Remove and replace the mulch if the mums experienced disease or pest problems during the growing season. Always move your mums to safety on nights with a freeze, or extremely low temperatures in the forecast. The following spring, as soon as soil warms and the threat of a hard freeze is over, it is safe to plant in the landscape. Simply cut apart into equal sections with a sharp knife or shovel and replant. To receive our 3 Home, Garden, Recipe and Simple Life articles each week, sign up below for our free email list. Will Mums Bloom Twice in a Pot? Happy Gardening – Jim and Mary. Instead, water around the edges of pots and containers, or below the bloom line when watering with a hose. Water plants regularly. Chrysanthemum Bloom Time. Let’s first talk about mums in containers or baskets. If you want to instead regrow your mums in a pot or container again, you will need to re-pot them with new potting soil. There are two types of mums that are for sale in the fall – garden mums (hardy mums), and floral mums. The goal is to allow them to go dormant without freezing. Excessive mulch combined with wet winter weather can trap moisture against plant stems or crowns, leaving them vulnerable to rot. With their shallow, tender roots, they simply do not have the root structure to withstand any cold at all. As your garden mums head into summer, you will need to pinch or cut off the blooms of your mums early on. University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Chrysanthemum, Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service: Chrysanthemum, University of California Cooperative Extension Service: October Flower of the Month: Chrysanthemums, Utah State University Extension: Mum is Always the Word for Fall, Iowa State University Extension: Growing Chrysanthemums in the Garden, How to Care for Hardy Geraniums After Flowering. Cut or pinch off individual flowers back to a larger stem as soon as each flower has finished blooming to maintain a somewhat neater appearance, if desired. In fact, with just a bit of care, you can overwinter hardy mums with ease. Mulch up to 4 inches with straw or shredded hardwood around the plants. Chrysanthemums will benefit from liquid fertilizer in early spring. In fact, after a long, hot summer many people can't wait to get rid of their spent annuals and replace them with colorful potted mums, already blooming and beautiful. The mulch for winterizing mums can be straw or leaves. Cut or pinch off individual flowers back to a larger stem as soon as each flower has finished blooming to maintain a... 2. 2. It is best not to allow a mum to wilt in the first 4-5 weeks after planting as this is the critical time in which premature budding can set in. As always, feel free to email us at email@example.com with comments, questions, or to simply say hello! In addition, pruning helps to delay the timing of the buds that form. Plants can either be sheared off, or simply pinched back by hand. In colder climates your mums may need to mulched using leaves, wood chips, or straw. All of which will help your mums to bloom later in the fall, instead of late summer. Cease any fertilizer applications and cut back on or completely stop watering. ( See : Our Homemade Potting Soil Recipe). It’s not a perfect science for sure, but a great starting point to know if the mums you are buying or have can be saved. Give them plenty of water in the week or so after planting, then give them about one inch per week after … There's no need to fertilize your "Point Pelee" mum. Mums can be cut back in early summer to avoid early blooming such as this. How Do I Cut Back a Perennial Hollyhock Flower? Next, for best success, store in a cool corner of the basement or a semi-heated garage. Mums can survive light frosts and cold fairly easy, but a hard freeze can kill roots in pots permanently. Floral mums on the other hand will not come back. Cut the top growth back to the next branching growth area and the plant will produce more stems and bigger, more profuse buds. So how do you know the difference? A yellow mum given to is in December in bloom, was put into the ground after it had no more flowers. If they have a good 4 to 6 weeks before the first frost, the roots have most likely set. You will want to water them from time to time through the winter, but only lightly every few weeks. But can they ever be expensive! That being said, northern gardeners can leave the dead stems there to help insulate the roots from severe cold weather during winter. Pinch the stems between mid-spring and midsummer to promote bushiness. To extend the beauty of your "Point Pelee" mum, water only when the soil becomes dry to the touch, never allow it to completely dry out and it will provide many weeks of enjoyment in your home. Mums are synonymous with fall decorating. Fertilize well to encourage blooms. This process involves removing spent flowers once the blooms start wilting.