FUN FACTS Gordon Allport were born on Thursday, birthstone is Topaz, the seaon was Fall in the Chinese year of, Today is the birthday of Gordon Allport. By 1930, he returned to Harvard, where he would remain for the rest of his academic career. With profound insight into the complexities of the human experience, Harvard psychologist Gordon Allport organized a mass of research to produce a landmark study on the roots and nature of prejudice. Allport came from a working family that valued health and education. Instead, Allport chose to reject both psychoanalysis and behaviorism and embraced his own unique approach to personality. And each one of tâ¦ This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Gordon-W-Allport, How Stuff Works - Health - Gordon W. Allport, “Personality: A Psychological Interpretation”. His mother was a schoolteacher and his father was a doctor who instilled in Allport a strong work ethic. NOW 50% OFF! Gordon W. Allport. Discover the real story, facts, and details of Gordon Allport. Trivia He divided human traits into three distinct categories: cardinal traits that dominate an individual's personality, central traits are shared across the majority of the population, and secondary traits which are unique to the individuals. Allport held what theories in concerned with historical facts rather than functional facts Freud's pleasure principle and the drive-reduction hypothesis of stimulus-response psychology. Gordon Allport was born in Indiana, the youngest of four boys. His most significant contributions include a theory of personality, which highlighted the self and the proprium, the latter defined as âall the regions of our life that we regard as peculiarly oursâ (see Becoming, 1955 We provide an overview of the type and trait theory of personality as developed by this famous psychologist. Emily is a fact checker, editor, and writer who has expertise in psychology content.Â. Gordon Allport (1897 â 1967) was a well-respected and influential American scholar in the psychology field. Do You Know Any Little Known of Famous Psychologists? Allport theorized that the child had acquired the behavior from his mother, who appeared to be very domineering. He was born on November 11, 1897 in Montezuma, Indiana, USA His father was a physician while his mother was a teacher The youngest child of 4 brothers He married a clinical psychologist 4. He talks about prejudice as a hostile attitude, based on stereotyping, and blindness to the facts. During his childhood, Allport and his siblings were immersed in the medical profession and often acted as clinical assistants to their father. This resulted in Allport developing a great interest in understanding human motivation, impulses, and personality, resulting in his trait theory of personality. Instead of th As one of the founding figures of personality psychology, his lasting influence is still felt today. His approach favoured emphasis on the problems of the adult personality rather than on those of infantile emotions and experiences. He went on to define personality as âthe dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustments to the environment.â Let us look at this â¦ Aâ¦ Gordon W. Allport defines prejudice as a hostile attitude or feeling toward a person solely because he or she belongs to a group to which one has assigned objectionable qualities. Carl Jung Had an Affair With One of His Patients. What the Trait Theory Says About How Our Personalities Are Composed, Wilhelm Wundt Profile: The Father of Psychology, A Brief Biography of Social Psychologist Stanley Milgram, How Personality Influences Behavior, According to Psychology, G. Stanley Hall's Important Contributions to Psychology, Biography of Applied Psychologist Hugo MÃ¼nsterberg, Sigmund Freud's Remarkable Life and Legacy in Psychology, 10 Things You Might Not Know About Sigmund Freud, B. F. Skinner: The Life of Psychology's Radical Behaviorist, Life and Career of Psychologist Raymond Cattell, The Life and Theories of Psychologist William James, How Erik Erikson's Own Identity Crisis Shaped His Theories, How Psychoanalysis Influenced the Field of Psychology, Daily Tips for a Healthy Mind to Your Inbox. No contribution of its kind existed prior to its appearance in 1954. Allport called this concept functional autonomy. Read our, How Cardinal Traits Are Used to Describe Someone's Personality. After high school followed his older brother Floyd through the same educational path. Allport, Gordon W. (1897â1967) A leading American social psychologist who became head of the Harvard Department of Psychology in 1938. In Becoming (1955) he stressed the importance of self and the uniqueness of adult personality. Omissions? Allport stresses that this hostile attitude is not merely a hasty prejudgment before one knows the facts. After a year of teaching, he returned to Harvard to finish his studies. Pattern and Growth in Personality. Appleton-Century-Crofts;1967:1-25.Â doi:10.1037/11579-001. Gordon Allport has been recognized for his work in the field of personality psychology, which was instituted as an autonomous psychological discipline since 1920. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Harvard University; Department of Psychology. Appointed a social science instructor at Harvard University in 1924, he became professor of psychology six years later and, in the last year of his life, professor of social ethics. The book was written by Gordon Allport in the early 1950s and first published by Addison-Wesley in 1954. Born in Indiana in 1897, Gordon Allport was one of four children. Updated November 7, 2019. Other articles where Becoming is discussed: Gordon Allport: In Becoming (1955) he stressed the importance of self and the uniqueness of adult personality. Full name : Gordon Allport How old is Gordon Allport: 70 years Male ð Birthday: November 11, 1897 ð¯ Sun sign: Scorpio ð Nationality: Indiana, United States Gordon Allport Education: harvard university, glenville high school; Gordon Allport siblings: Floyd Henry Allport #Youtube: Gordon Allport Youtube #Twitter: Gordon Allport Twitter New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston; 1937. Review of General Psychology.2002;6(2):139-152. doi:10.1037//1089-2622.214.171.124. Gordon Allport was born in Montezuma, Indiana, in 1897, the youngest of four brothers. By Floyd H. Allport & Gordon W. Allport (1921) First Published in Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 16, 6-40. He consistently related his approach to the study of personality to his social interests and was one of a growing number of psychologists who sought to introduce the leavening influence of humanism into psychology. He also made important contributions to the analysis of prejudice in The Nature of Prejudice (1954). His family moved to Cleveland, Ohio, when Allport was six years old, and he was raised in the same home out of which his father practiced medicine. Verywell Mind uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. As a child he felt different from others, both in his childhood play and his interests. Allport is best known for the concept that, although adult motives develop from infantile drives, they become independent of them. In this view, intergroup contact under positive conditions can reduce social prejudice. He was one of the first psychologists to focus on the study of personality. The personality Has always been studied in the field of psychology. No contribution in the 65 years since has come close to achieving its impact. After earning his bachelor's degree in philosophy and economics from Harvard in 1919, Allport traveled to Istanbul, Turkey, to teach philosophy and economics. Corrections? Being an early pioneer of the study of traits, he is known as a trait psychologist. Allport pioneered research on human personality. Gordon Allport contributed a significant theory of prejudice and discrimination, discussed in his book, The Nature of Prejudice (Allport). Posted March 2000. Allport GW. He was the 1st psychologist who gave thorough thought to the concept of traits. In a review of the most influential psychologists of the 20th century, Allport was ranked as the 11th most eminent psychologist.ï»¿ï»¿. In addition to his trait theory of personality, he left an indelible mark on psychology. And it also criticizes the Freud's theory To the Behaviorism Radical and all theories of personality that are based on the observation of animal behavior. His mother was a schoolteacher and his father was a doctor who instilled in Allport a strong work ethic. Gordon Willard Allport was an American psychologist. Here are some of Allport's works for further reading: Ever wonder what your personality type means? It can be generally stated that traits are merely names for observed regularities in behaviour, but do…. Gordon W. Allport (1897-1967). Although Allport recognized the emotional, social, economic, and historic dimensions of prejudice, he also proposed that prejudice is partly an outgrowth of normal human functioning. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. If you feel curious and want to learn about the other personality types (like A, C, and D) and the illnesses and risk factors associated with each, remember the following: Kendra Cherry, MS, is an author, educational consultant, and speaker focused on helping students learn about psychology. Allport operated his own printing business during his teen years and â¦ Allport's approach to human psychology combined the empirical influence of the behaviorists with the acknowledgment that unconscious influences could also play a role in human behavior. Updates? Rather than focusing on the psychoanalytic and behavioral approaches that were popular during his time, Allport instead chose to utilize an eclectic approach. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Gordon Allport was a very well-known American psychologist who laid the foundations for personality psychology. Gordon Allport's landmark book, The nature of prejudice, defined the field of intergroup relations for social psychologists as the study of prejudice and its effects on group interactions. He also made important contributions toâ¦ Behaviorism,Â on the other hand, Allport believed, did not dig deeply enough. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... psychologists Gordon W. Allport and Leo Postman offered the generalization that rumour intensity is high when both the interest in an event and its ambiguity are great. The self, he contended, is an identifiable organization within each individual and accounts for the unity of personality, higher motives, and continuity of personal memories. The boy, Allport explained, was afraid of getting dirty and refused to sit where a dirty-looking man had previously sat. He rejected two of the dominant schools of thought in psychology at the time, psychoanalysis and behaviorism, in favor of his own approach that stressed the importance of individual differences and situational variables. After entering Freud's office, he sat down nervously and told a story about a young boy he had seen on the train during his travels to Vienna. His last important work was Pattern and Growth in Personality (1961). November 11 Horoscope. A shy and studious boy, he was teased quite a bit and lived a fairly isolated childhood. Gordon Allport, in full Gordon Willard Allport, (born November 11, 1897, Montezuma, Indiana, U.S.—died October 9, 1967, Cambridge, Massachusetts), American psychologist and educator who developed an original theory of personality. He was the youngest of four brothers and was often described as shy, but also hard-working and studious. Today, he is perhaps best remembered for his contributions to the trait theory of personality. Allport GW. He organized existing knowledge about societal, Known as the âpatron saintâ of personality psychologists (Eysenck, 1990, p. 3), Allport was a major figure in American âpersonalityâ psychology.
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